The only types of eye specialists who are also actual doctors, ophthalmologists focus on medical and surgical care of the eyes and the visual system to prevent injuries and illnesses. Although they are trained to provide total vision care, they usually focus on surgical procedures and the more severe eye problems patients face, like the ones below.

Glaucoma and Cataracts

A major cause of blindness, glaucoma is a disease that strikes the optic nerve, resulting in a gradual loss of vision. At the last count, more than three million Americans live with glaucoma. Because glaucoma can cause irreversible damage to vision, it should be treated as soon as possible. An experienced ophthalmologist may prescribe pills or drops to prevent permanent issues. If the drugs do not achieve the desired results, surgery may be the only option. Another common condition and often related to age, cataracts are cloud areas that form on the lens of the eye. If left untreated, they can significantly reduce visual acuity. The good news is that they are almost 100% treatable with a simple surgical procedure.

Diseases of the Retina

A layer of nerve cells at the back of the eyeball, the retina delivers light impulses to the brain, where they are recognized as visual images. Because it is an extremely delicate and complex structure, the retina is vulnerable to a number of different diseases and disorders. Probably the most common is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The disease affects a small area in the center of the retina called the macula, causing a decline in visual acuity. It is estimated that 15 million Americans struggle with it on a daily basis. As long as they are caught early, the conditions that affect the retina can be managed successfully with medical treatment.

Corneal Conditions

Another extremely sensitive structure, the cornea is the clear window of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil. From scratches to dryness to inflammation, there are several things that can cause corneal problems. Whether the condition is the result of an injury or infection, any ophthalmologist in Highland Park will probably recommend ointments or drops of antibiotics to treat these common problems.

If you are looking for an ophthalmologist in Highland Park, contact Jacksoneye of Lake Villa. They are online at http://www.myjacksoneye.com.

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